Post 449

Raja Sulayman, one of the local chieftains who resisted the Spanish conquest of Manila in the 16th century, is commemorated with a monument in a plaza facing the Manila Bay. Sculptor Eduardo Castrillo envisioned an indignant figure wielding a kris and a shield (not in photo). The monument was installed in 1976.

Photo by I.R. Arenas

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Post 426

Andres Bonifacio, without doubt, was a hero of the masses, one who had come to understand his people not with an elitist perspective of a colonially educated leader or cacique. While he championed freedom through an armed struggle, he fell not to colonial hands but to politics and betrayal of his own men he considered brothers.

Photo by I.R. Arenas

Post 422

This detail from sculptor Eduardo Castrillo’s Katuparan ng Pangarap ng Lahi (literally “Attainment of the aspiration of the people”) shows the child – the offspring – as an equally important figure in society. The young are protected and nurtured; they are the recipient of the fruits of all the hard work of the present.

Photo by I.R. Arenas

Post 292a

The Philippines celebrates every 30 December the martyrdom of Jose Rizal, considered to have inspired the revolution of other nationalists. Rizal is a man of capabilities, including being a sculptor. Here is the terracotta figure La venganza de la madre (The Mother’s Revenge, 1894) which he made while in exile in Dapitan town.

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Photo by I.R. Arenas